After the Orchidaceae and the Asteraceae, the Fabaceae is the third large… RSA Tree No. After the Orchidaceae and the Asteraceae, the Fabaceae is the third largest Angiosperm (flowering plants) family with 700+ genera and close to 20 000 species. These kingdoms and tribes used acacia in surprisingly diverse ways, from making desserts to treating hemorrhoids. The flowers produce lots of nectar and pollen for bee-farming and the honey has a pleasant flavour. [3] The gum is part of the diet of the Senegal bushbaby (Gallinago senegalensis) especially in the dry season. The common nickname for this strain of Acacia came from the historic use of the plant when treating fevers. Previous Names: Acacia maras, Acacia spirocarpoides, Acacia litakunensis. Vachellia spp. 189. Wood With a rounded crown that is often wider than it is tall. Use the Plant Search at the top to search for a specific plant by title or keyword. [2] This species of Vachellia is native to eastern and southern Africa (Botswana, Kenya, Malawi, Mozambique, Somalia, South Africa, Eswatini, Tanzania, Zambia, Zimbabwe). Previous Name: Acacia songwensis. Vachellia xanthophloea (Acacia xanthophloea) is in the Expanded Monograph processing cue. 188. The sweet thorn has many medicinal uses ranging from wound poultices to eye treatments and cold remedies. Camel Thorn. [3], Fever trees are fast growing and short lived. Vachellia karroo. In addition 30 species of larger moths have been recorded as feeding on this tree. Besides its rather unique and famous lime to yellowish green bark, it is an impressive and stately tree, growing up to 25 or 30 m tall. Acacia xanthophloea | Ubulawu dream herb. Plant List. Vachellia karroo, the Sweet Thorn, is, in cultivation, a medium to large single stemmed, deciduous tree. Traditionally used as a medicine to treat high cholesterol, diabetes, cancer, gingivitis, mouth sores and pharyngitis. Before going to sleep a question is asked that will be answered in their dreams. It belongs to the family Fabaceae, which is the third largest woody plant family in southern Africa. Related plants. Sweet Thorn Acacia. [3], The leaves and pods are used to provide food for livestock while the young branches and foliage are eaten by African elephants while giraffe and vervet monkeys eat the pods and leaves. xanthophloea was selected for the study because of the economic role it plays in apiculture, its firewood and timber, ornamental, and medicinal uses, and its use when curbing soil erosion and rehabilitation of limestone quarries in Kenya (Orwa et al., 2009, Gathuru, 2011). The pale brown pods contain 5-10 elliptical, flattened green seeds and are 5–19 cm (2.0–7.5 in) long, straight, flat and rather papery, the segments are mostly longer than they are wide, often breaking up to form small clusters of segments each containing an individual seed. Synonyms. [4][5][6][7], The name xanthophloea is derived from Greek and means "yellow bark" (ξανθός "yellow, golden"; φλοιός "bark"). Vachellia seyal occasionally hybridizes with V. xanthophloea. Vachellia xanthophloea is a tree in the family Fabaceae, commonly known in English as the fever tree. Tree Characteristics. It has a long history in civilizations as ancient as the Egyptians and the aboriginal tribes of Australia. (LC) According to the Red List of South African plants, Vachellia xanthophloea is not threatened and is assessed as Least Concern (LC). The common name, fever tree, comes from its tendency to grow in swampy areas: early European settlers in the region noted that malarial fever was contracted in areas with these trees. It is hardy to zone (UK) 8. The characteristic bark is smooth, powdery and greenish yellow, although new twigs are purple, flaking later to reveal the characteristic yellow. Gus, the African Plant Hunter , looks at the pharmaceutical uses of three compounds found in the bark extracts of this well-known African tree: catechins, … Spreading with a High … Acacia xanthophloea. The Fever Tree has also been used as medicine for eye complaints. Medicinally, the roots and a powder made from bark stripped from the trunk are used as an emetic and as a prophylactic against malaria. This is an ecologically and economically important species as almost all of its parts, including bark, pods, seeds, leaves and thorns, are extremely useful to both … South African National Biodiversity Institute, Pretoria. Root decoctions are used to alleviate stomach complaints. Vachellia erioloba. Root decoctions … The valuable timber of Vachellia xanthophloea is pale reddish brown with a hard, heavy texture, and, because it is liable to crack, it should be seasoned before use. It is now understood that malarial fever is spread by mosquitos living in the swampy areas that often support this tree species, and not by the tree species itself. Medicinal properties Traditional medicines use the bark of the fever tree for treating fevers and eye infections, and the roots are powdered up for the treatment of malaria. It can fix Nitrogen. Applied in a magical sense. "[13], This tree has been used for thousands of years by African tribes as a divination tool. T.H., Prentice, C.A., Hawker, L.C., Snyman, E.E., Tomalin, M., Crouch, N.R. It can be used alone as a feature tree, or grown to … We met her through a friend who is a strong supporter of special plants in South Africa. The flowers are used for foraging by bees and provides favoured nesting sites for birds. Strelitzia 13. Straight, white spines grow from the branch nodes in pairs. We have an extensive database of Indigenous plants to help you find the perfect addition to your garden. [8], Vachellia xanthophloea is found growing near swamps, riverine forests or on lake shores, in semi-evergreen bush land and woodland where there is a high groundwater table. The main stems and larger branches are used to fence out hippo from fields on the Pongola flood plain and the timber is reputed to be used for boxwood. Uses Other uses. Bark from this tree and four other herbs including Silene capensis (African dream root) and Synaptolepis kirkii are boiled into a brew. Vachellia xanthophloea (Benth.) An icon of the South African veld, Vachellia karroo is a popular choice among local gardeners as a pavement tree or as a shade tree in larger gardens. Vachellia. Medicinally the bark is used for treating fevers and eye complaints. Like other acacias and Fabaceae it is a nitrogen fixer, so improves soil fertility. Description. Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils, prefers well-drained soil and … Quick Links: Monograph Library | Advanced Monograph Search, Copyright © 2004 – 2020 All Rights Reserved, Swaziland (S), Limpopo Province (LIM), Mpumalanga Province (M), KwaZulu-Natal Province (KZN). The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs). The fever tree – Vachellia xanthophloea. Vachellia xanthophloea is a tree in the family Fabaceae and is commonly known in English as the fever tree (local East African names include olerai, kimwea, murera, and mwelele). Soil fertility blood to do that it is hardy to zone ( UK ) 8 sites for birds treatment diarrhoea... Babool, Haak-en-steek asked that will be answered in their dreams make poles and posts seyal called! Single species stands grow from the branch nodes in pairs, flaking later to reveal characteristic. [ 11 ] it is used to ward off arthritis and bronchitis plant List Acacia litakunensis pale brown! 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