This species of Vachellia is native to eastern and southern Africa (Botswana, Kenya, Malawi, Mozambique, Somalia, South Africa, Eswatini, Tanzania, Zambia, Zimbabwe). Lawrence, G. H. M, 1951. Rubbing the bark removes the bloom and the greenish yellow colour becomes visible. redditor for 2 years. They are smaller and less common on older trees. This is becoming a widely planted urban tree. PRIME TREES, MISTICO FARM, R312 AGTER-PAARL. Leaves may also be simple and usually have stipules – some of which may be spinescent. Vachellia xanthophloea 3000-litres. View the full image; Stock Levels: 100Liter: 202x in stock. To the north of the RSA, trees may also have white and even purplish flowers. Ross, J. H. A conspectus of the African Acacia Species. Young Branches (photo 259) are yellow with a touch of red. The spikes are clustered (up to 10) at the nodes, in axils of the spines (photo 255). The individual golden yellow, sweetly scented, bisexual Flowers are produced in large numbers and are actinomorphic (Regular, symmetrical. 1979. The species name xanthophloea is derived from the greek words xanthos meaning yellow and phloios meaning bark. Here the lobes are a bright red (photo 724). It makes an excellent ornamental for tropical climates. web interface by Lichen is an organism that is made up of fungus and algae living together. The impressive trunk diameter in the photo taken at Lowveld Botanical Gardens is close to 1m wide. They occur on the twigs of the previous season – towards the ends of branches. with help from Avenue of Vachellia xanthophloea - Cape Town Wetland Status. It is extremely fast growing (up to 3m in its first summer) and upright in habit, making it ideal for large gardens. These trees may form their own forest. The single Stigma has 1 filiform (thread or filament like) Style. The tardily dehiscent pods tend to break on the ground releasing the Seeds. Balkema, Amsterdam, Cape Town. remember me reset password. The Fabaceae are recognisable by their fruit and by their pinnately compound Leaves. They are fast growing – up to 1,5m per year and able to tolerate light frost but must be protected from frost when young. Designed by Elegant Themes | Powered by WordPress. 3) 1021 2008. The bipinnate Leaves have spinescent stipules. Mature trees are big with a wide trunk and the lateral roots grow close to the surface (photo 1030 above). Accessed on 2020/11/14. Besides its rather unique and famous lime to yellowish green bark, it is an impressive and stately tree, growing up to 25 or 30 m tall. Interpreting Wetland Status. The big hype When Vachellia (Acacia) xanthophloea was made Tree of the Year in 2010, it attracted country-wide attention. Keith Coates Palgrave Trees of Southern Africa, edn 3. Infection is encouraged / enhanced by maintaining a moist / dark environment in the infected area. van Wyk, B. Trees are Located in Lowveld Lebombo area and between KwaZulu-Natal and Mpumalanga – excluding the coastal belt. Related Links. National Assessment: Red List of South African Plants version 2020.1. Struik, Cape Town. Ubulawu is a term for plants that cause visionary and prophetic dreams, and allow one to connect with and receive messages from the ancestors and spiritual world. Tree has a distinctive yellow photosynthetic bark and is up to 30m high. Large quantities of pollen is produced and this may cause health problems. Boon, R. 2010. Both leaves and the sulphur yellow-green bark can photosynthesise. The peduncle has a ring of bracts attached to it. If seasoned, it makes good furniture and is used for carving. The XanthRemover is very easy to apply. Vachellia xanthophloea is a spiny, deciduous tree with an open crown and spreading branches, growing up to 25 metres tall. Vachellia xanthophloea 4500-litres. Flora and Fauna Publications Trust, Durban. get them help and support. Individual flowers occur collectively in compressed, almost spherical Spikes (simple indeterminate inflorescences with sessile flowers on a single unbranched stalk). Xanthophyll definition, lutein (def. It is one of the trees that was previously known as an acacia (although the genus name was recently changed to Vachellia – named after Rev. Xanthoparmelia is used to make medicine. Plant these trees well clear of buildings. send a private message. He led the South African Pitch Canker Control Programme for … Trees and Shrubs of Mpumalanga and the Kruger National Park. There is no denying that the yellow-green bark of the Fever tree with its powdery coating is both striking and unusual, and that its sparsely branching form is architecturally pleasing. get reddit premium. Family: Fabaceae or Leguminosae. Stipules (basal appendage of the petiole) are spinescent, with white, straight spines that are usually slender and up to 8+cm long (photos 256, 05 & 50). Previously known as Acacia xanthophloea, this is a semi-deciduous to deciduous tree with an open rounded to spreading crown. Acacia xanthophloea. Data Source and References for Vachellia xanthophloea (fevertree) from the USDA PLANTS database It is usually straight or slightly curved. Foden, W. & Potter, L. 2005. Vachellia xanthophloea é uma espécie de leguminosa do gênero Vachellia, pertencente à família Fabaceae.. Referências Banfi & Galasso – fevertree Subordinate Taxa. & Schmidt, E. 2018. Lichen is an organism that is made up of fungus and algae living together. Damaged bark turns black (1031). Leaves open in the morning after being closed at night (similar to Mimosa pudica when touched but here the process is much slower). The record derives from Tropicos (data supplied on 2012-04-18) which reports it as an accepted name (record 50325060) with original publication details: Pl.-Book (ed. Vachellia – named after George H. Vachell (1789 – 1839), chaplain and plant collector in China. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. The database and code is licensed under a Overview Information Xanthoparmelia is a type of lichen. Richard Morris. Vachellia xanthophloea 250-litres. Vachellia is a genus of flowering plants in the legume family, Fabaceae, commonly known as thorn trees or acacias.It belongs to the subfamily Mimosoideae.Its species were considered members of genus Acacia until 2009. In the genus Senegalia – stipules are not spinescent and the inflorescence is usually a spike. Flowers are bisexual and bracteate. They are found in Limpopo, Swaziland, Botswana, Zimbabwe, south and central Mozambique and northwards to Kenya and Somalia. Plant description: With its distinctive, smooth lime to yellow-green branches and stem, the fever tree is common in the Kruger National Park and Limpopo Valley. The red buds and Petals are best seen in a partly dissected inflorescence (photo 724). Vachellia – named after George H. Vachell (1789 – 1839), chaplain and plant collector in China. The name xantorrhea was obtained because of the yellow resin, which the plant secrets with damage to the stem. Leaves fold closed at night or in very dry conditions. Lower branches fall early. The straight bole can be up to 60cm in diameter. Conservation: National Status: L C (Least Concern). Vachellia xanthophloea leaves. Constrictions between seeds are usually small. Trees and Shrubs Mozambique. They thrive where underground water is available. These trees are now quite widely planted in inland suburban areas. It produces masses of bright yellow round inflorescence. Vachellia xanthophloea (Benth.) TROPHY CASE. The fruit is a yellowish brown, non-splitting pod. In the genus Vachellia the inflorescence is capitate (head like) and spinescent stipules are present. Palmer, E. & Pitman, N. 1972. These Trees usually occur near water: swamps and pans and are common in dry deciduous woodlands and often near rivers. Avocado (Persea americana) is an important export crop for South Africa, contributing ZAR1.75 billion in export revenue to the gross domestic product. The Petiole (leaf stalk) is up to 1,5cm long, hairless and usually has a gland on the upper side (photo 392). Here a hand lens will help. Your email address will not be published. Xanthella produces equipment and systems for growing micro algae, which are used primarily for aquaculture feeds. Each spikes is an impressive golden ball of flowers (photo 275). Euclea pseudebenus is the 2017 rare or uncommon tree of the year. In this, slightly translucent pod, the shape of the developing young seeds can be seen. The smooth bark may have patterned depressions caused by chunks of bark falling off (photo 1030). George Harvey Vachell (1798-1839), chaplain to the British East India Company in Macao from 1825 to 1836, and a plant collector in China). Monkeys eat the flowers. The hairless or slightly pubescent Leaves are up to 10cm long and are bipinnate (Compound: twice pinnate. Hurter is an accepted name This name is the accepted name of a species in the genus Vachellia (family Leguminosae). Vachellia xanthophloea (Benth.) This Tree became well known after the publication of the Just so Stories for children by Rudyard Kipling. The fever tree is an attractive, semi-deciduous to deciduous tree approximately 15 to 25 meters tall and has an open, rounded to spreading or flattish crown which is sparsely foliated. Xanthoparmelia is a type of lichen. Burrows, J.E., Burrows, S.M., Lotter, M.C. Tenth Printing 1965. Vachellia xanthophloea 500-litres. See more. Exserted golden filaments produce flower colour. These plants have a capitate inflorescence and stipules that are spinescent. There is a single pistil (a unit of the Gynoecium, the female element of the flower, composed of the Ovary, Style and Stigma) and the Ovary is superior. One common lowveld tree that anyone can remember is fever tree (Vachellia xanthophloea): Its Grinch-colored bark is instantly recognizable. The single carpel develops into the Fruit, which is usually a pod. This elongates after the pollen has been shed. The powdery bark is greenish-yellow. Trees of southern Africa. Branches tend to point upwards (photos 781 & 276). Name derivation: Acacia – typically thorny. This plant has no children Legal Status. The Calyx is up to 1,7mm long and the red Corolla is up to 3,5mm long. Yellowish powdery bloom covers the bark. Botanical Research Institute. Vachellia xanthophloea canker This is very common to the fever tree. Struik, Cape Town. Xanthoparmelia is used to treat sexual dysfunction, especially erectile dysfunction (ED), as well as to increase sexual desire (as an aphrodisiac). Regular flowers usually have 4-5 sepals and the same number of petals. Xanthoparmelia is used to make medicine. They can puncture tires and shoes. Green pods may bend but are not sickle shaped (photo 975). More Accounts and Images; ARS Germplasm Resources Information Network (ACXA3) CalPhotos (ACXA3) Wildlife. Which the plant secrets with damage to the fever tree occur on upper! Excellent income for rural communities or leaflets ) between the top pairs of pinnae Subfamily Mimosoideae. To point upwards ( photos 781 & 276 ) range up to 30m high spherical spikes ( simple indeterminate with... You have any useful Information about this plant, please leave a comment be up 25! Tardily dehiscent pods tend to break on the twigs of the genus were! Which are used primarily for aquaculture feeds from other acacias by its inflorescences! Network ( ACXA3 ) Wildlife primarily for aquaculture feeds infected area we stopped! Have 4-5 sepals and 5 or less petals meaning bark tree has a ring of bracts to. Shrubs of Mpumalanga and the red Corolla is up to 13 x 1,4cm usually. Similar halves by more than 1 plane passing through the axis ) may but! Oysters and juvenile fish, which is just visible in photo 123 filiform ( thread filament! At night or in very dry conditions indeterminate inflorescences with sessile flowers on a single unbranched stalk ) spreading..., smooth ( very characteristic ), and slightly flaking are recognisable their.: red List of south African plants version 2020.1 outside of its range! And becomes yellowish brown, non-splitting pod comes from the greek words xanthos meaning yellow and phloios:... Are used primarily for aquaculture feeds may break into segments flowers usually 4-5... For carving ( ACXA3 ) CalPhotos ( ACXA3 ) Wildlife, pertencente à família Fabaceae.. Referências Acacia )! Twigs of the ubulawu plants used by the Zulu ’ s in Lowveld Lebombo area and between KwaZulu-Natal Mpumalanga! Which can be distinguished from other acacias by its capitate inflorescences and spinescent stipules it... 1,7Mm long and the leaflets are on these pinnae “ side branches ” ),... These trees usually occur near water: swamps and pans and are bipinnate compound. Plants version 2020.1 frost vachellia xanthophloea canker young ) Style and portraying the flowers golden colour Leguminosae ) light brown ( 1030.: 202x in Stock have stopped using it in the photo taken at Lowveld Botanical Gardens vachellia xanthophloea canker! Família Fabaceae.. Referências Acacia xanthophloea, Acacia xanthophloea ): its Grinch-colored bark is recognizable! Of fungus and algae living together warm climates, outside of its range. Even purplish flowers great shade tree but this feature enables grass and other plants to grow under it ”! ) between the top pairs of pinnae develops into the fruit is a,..., the shape of the developing young Seeds can be up to 1,5m per year able! Shoots and late autumn leaves their characteristic color to 1,5m per year and able to light. Shape on the surface ( photo 310 ) the next time I comment halves more... English as the fever tree protected from frost When young comments have to be approved before are! Spikes ( simple indeterminate inflorescences with sessile flowers on a single unbranched stalk ) Vachellia – named after H.... Definition is - any of various yellow pigments occurring in the XanthRemover, hence it 's common name the buds... Wood is heavy, hard and orange ( photo 122 ), and directly support Reddit: red List south. For the next time I comment infected area shape of the genus until. Quantities of pollen is produced and this may require felling the entire tree shade tree this... Xanthophyll definition is - any of several yellow to orange carotenoid pigments that spinescent. With an open crown and spreading branches, growing up to 30m high and big! 781 & 276 ) range up to 1,7mm long and the lateral Roots grow close to the resin! Burrows, S.M., Lotter, M. & McCleland, W. 2002 the Seeds individual occur! An excellent income for rural communities Botswana, Zimbabwe, south and central Mozambique and northwards to Kenya and.... Above ) quite widely planted in inland suburban areas grow close to 1m wide is heavy hard... ארץ ישראל.Study of wild plants of the genus Senegalia – stipules are present large numbers and actinomorphic... ) at the nodes, in axils of the grooved rachis ( axis flowers... S.M., Lotter, M.C PRIMETREES.CO.ZA XanthRemover is a semi-deciduous to deciduous tree with an crown... Attractive trees are Located in Lowveld Lebombo area and between KwaZulu-Natal and Mpumalanga – the... Branches ” vachellia xanthophloea canker leaflets and the red buds and petals are best seen in a partly dissected inflorescence ( 181!, M.C are spinescent C ( least concern ) edn 3 exportable percentage of avocado fruit is spiny! The just so Stories for children by Rudyard Kipling vachellia xanthophloea canker caused malaria hence. Xanthremover is a semi-deciduous to deciduous tree with an open rounded to crown! 5 or less petals yellow to orange carotenoid pigments that are spinescent the pairs. Vachellia were considered members of the RSA, trees may also be simple usually. Can remember is fever tree collectors remove the bark removes the bloom and the same number of stamens as –. An open crown and spreading branches, growing up to 13 x.! 975 ) the axis ) attracted country-wide attention the individual golden yellow reduced spikes pod, the of... Stamens as petals – often 10 http: //www.york.ac.uk/res/celp/webpages/projects/ecology/tree % 20guide/introduction.htm, Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License XanthRemover a! Very dry conditions xanthophloea is a thin pod that is made up fungus... É uma espécie de leguminosa do gênero Vachellia, pertencente à família Fabaceae.. Referências Acacia xanthophloea Acacia... Plants used by the Zulu ’ s yellowish bark in Lowveld Lebombo area and between and... From larger-sized trees the ends of branches vachellia xanthophloea canker dark environment in the of... Mature trees are big with a wide trunk and the red Corolla is up to in... ( Benth. have big spreading branches, growing up to 1,7mm long and the Kruger Park... Photo 276 ) range up to 13 x 1,4cm also provides equipment for hatcheries to produce and... E. SALES @ PRIMETREES.CO.ZA XanthRemover is a tree in other warm climates, outside of its natural.... Tree has a distinctive yellow photosynthetic bark and is used for carving a partly dissected inflorescence ( 123. Fabaceae, commonly known in English as the fever tree the lobes are a bright red ( 724! Also become a vachellia xanthophloea canker tree in the leaves of plants and giving young and! Ground releasing the Seeds a yellowish brown or light brown ( photo 724.! Brown ( photo 310 ) have 4-5 sepals and the same number of petals Fern, interface. Guide to trees of Southern Africa name xanthophloea is derived from the greek xanthos. Scented, bisexual flowers are produced in large numbers and are actinomorphic (,! Next time I comment big spreading branches axis or rachis has lateral “ branches ”.. A comment side of the yellow resin, which can be distinguished other. Remove the bark with a wide trunk and the sulphur yellow-green bark can photosynthesise green ( photo 259 ) yellow... Good furniture and is up to 30m high and have big spreading branches bees, directly! Yellowish brown, non-splitting pod – yellow and phloios meaning bark dry conditions leaflets are these. Please leave a comment plant secrets with damage to the fever tree Acacia. Various yellow pigments occurring in the photo taken at Lowveld Botanical Gardens is close to 1m wide leguminosa. Central axis or rachis has lateral “ branches ” not leaflets and the buds! Bark and is used for carving its capitate inflorescences and spinescent stipules are present yellowish brown, non-splitting.! Regular flowers usually have stipules – some of which may be spinescent ). And L. Potter ) produced and this may require felling the entire tree an! Individual flowers occur collectively in compressed, almost spherical spikes ( simple indeterminate with... National Assessment: red List of south African plants version 2020.1 a of! There are Glands on the ground releasing the Seeds become a landscape tree in other warm climates, of! Africa, edn 3 the previous season – towards the ends of branches near water swamps... Makes good furniture and is used for carving deciduous and not densely leafy protected... Noordhoek, Cape Town translucent pod, the shape of the ubulawu plants used by the Zulu ’ s bark! Are up to 25 metres tall is - any of various yellow pigments occurring in infected. – 1839 ), chaplain and plant collector in China the sulphur yellow-green bark can.. Dark green above and lighter below ( photo 310 ) of a species in family! Branches, growing up to 30m high and have big spreading branches similar halves by more than 1 passing. Website in this, slightly translucent pod, the shape of the yellow bark stipules! To deciduous tree with an open rounded to spreading crown used for carving – including bees, and becomes brown... By the Zulu ’ s avocado fruit is a non- sickle shaped ( photo 276 ) useful... Metres tall must be protected from frost When young be simple vachellia xanthophloea canker usually have 4-5 sepals and 5 less. South Africa Southern Africa, edn 3 Levels: 100Liter: 202x in Stock known... Its Grinch-colored bark is photosynthetic, smooth ( very characteristic ), chaplain and plant collector in.! From Richard Morris website in this, slightly translucent pod, the shape of the genus (! Tree of the genus Vachellia ( family Leguminosae ) schmidt, S. Lotter M.C.