The cup of redemption stood for more than the Hebrews' escape from Egypt; it stood for the plan and purpose of God for all the ages. The 4th cup is surely a cup of completion. Which cups did Yeshua drink during his early Passover Seder with his disciples? “And because of him you are in Christ Jesus, who became to us wisdom from God, righteousness and sanctification and redemption…” (ESV), “…and I will deliver you from slavery to them…” (ESV). amzn_assoc_title = "Books by friends I recommend reading"; More posts like The Four Cups of Passover you might enjoy: CELEBRATING PASSOVER AS A CHRISTIAN – THE SEDER PART ONE, THE TRUMPET WILL SOUND – ROSH HASHANAH & CHRISTIANITY, GRAFTED IN MEANING – JEW AND GENTILE, ONE IN MESSIAH, PASSOVER SEDER FOR CHRISTIAN FAMILIES AND CHURCHES, Scripture quoted in The 4 Cups of Passover Messianic Passover Seder Part 3 are from The ESV® Bible (The Holy Bible, English Standard Version®), copyright © 2001 by Crossway, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers. “For when you were slaves of sin, you were free in regard to righteousness.” (ESV), “…and I will redeem you with an outstretched arm and with great acts of judgment.” (ESV). Passover for the Jewish people is a time to reflect on God’s plan for mankind since the foundations of the earth. After they betrayed and sold him into slavery in Egypt, God exalted Joseph to a place of great prominence and power. Throughout the Hebrew Scriptures the cup is often used as a symbol of God's judgment. amzn_assoc_placement = "adunit0"; No wonder the Apostle Paul calls this "the cup of blessing which we bless." He will wipe away every tear from their eyes, and death shall be no more, neither shall there be mourning, nor crying, nor pain anymore, for the former things have passed away.” (ESV), The 4 Cups of Passover Messianic Passover Seder Part 3. 6:6. amzn_assoc_ad_type = "smart"; The Cup of Sanctification. It is this last of the Passover cups that has the Jewish people look toward their acceptance into the Kingdom of the Father! Jesus is reclining on the floor and leading the Passover Seder when He says, “ I say to you, I shall not drink again of this fruit of the vine until that day when I drink it with you new and of superior quality in My Father’s kingdom.” It is therefore a cup which many Believers who observe Passover do not take, because of the belief that it is for Jesus to give… For example, the cup of fury, the cup of judgment, the cup of trembling and the cup of horror and desolation appear throughout the Old Testament. EU contact options ›. Spiritual Warfare and Trials, Fear and Anxiety, 100+ Amazing Resources for Christian Women, Christian Book Reviews and Product Recommendations for 2020. Thank you for making this series, I took a lot of notes! These days, no one likes to talk about the judgment of the Lord. Also the 3rd cup of suffering was surely what Jesus was referring to when He said in the garden “take this cup from me”. Each time the cup is filled, it has a different name. At the third cup, the Cup of Redemption, he said: "This is my blood" (Matt. The Cup of Blessing (the berakah cup) – The third cup would be mixed and this is where the supper … They found Joseph's cup and accused Benjamin of theft. Sign up for our monthly updates and special announcements. During the Passover seder, or ceremony there are traditionally four cups of wine: In the New Testament – Luke 22 Jesus sends Peter and John out to go and make preparations for the Passover. Please note that some of this site’s links are affiliate links, and Worth Beyond Rubies is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for us to earn fees by linking to Amazon.com and their affiliated sites. Eat this bread, which is my body, and remember me. In His humanity, Jesus could wish that this cup of judgment—the one that everyone except Him deserved for breaking of God's covenant—would pass over Him. amzn_assoc_linkid = "929fb8de0b678a9e5c54c59ae36239d7"; Both Jesus and Paul draw on something from Jewish tradition to provide insights not previously understood. Jesus was not speaking of the cup in a purely symbolic manner. As we remember the story of Passover, as we celebrate the triumph of the Lamb (often during the season of Jesus' resurrection). I will TAKE YOU AS MY PEOPLE, and I will be your G-d." At the Passover seder, Jews usually drink four cups of wine while leaning to the left, according to the Haggadah service, but the reason why is elusive to many. He hid his own silver cup in his youngest brother's sack of grain. To violate a covenant agreement with God would surely incur His wrath and judgment—a terrible cup! It reminds me of another cup that blends the problem and the promise. You’re absolutely right! amzn_assoc_region = "US"; When Jesus celebrated this feast with His disciples He raised a cup at least twice during the meal to make important statements about Himself (Luke 22:17, 20). He later consumed the fourth cup while hanging from the Cross. JEWISH PASSOVER MEAL (The Fourth Cup & Lamb of God) The next part that we are going to review is the Jewish Passover meal. When the hour came, He reclined at the table, and the apostles with Him. Opinions vary as to what certain cups actually symbolize. The Cup of Consummation or “The Fourth Cup”. The Fourth Cup: Restoration “I will acquire you as My people and I will be your God.” The Cups of the Last Supper. On Passover, when we celebrate our physical freedom, ... wine, wash hands, vegetable, then matzoh (the main meal). That tradition remains to this day. With this cup, we begin the Passover seder. The first cup is the blessing of the festival day, it's the kiddush cup. I will REDEEM YOU WITH AN OUTSTRETCHED ARM and with great judgments. So for us to understand what Christ did in the Upper Room when He instituted the Eucharist, we need a short lesson on the Jewish Passover meal. Jewish tradition says little else about the cups—though we're told they should be filled with red wine to remind us of the blood of the Passover lamb. He will dwell with them, and they will be his people, and God himself will be with them as their God. Now this part is not quoted directly from the Bible. And then there's the third cup, Passover is celebrated in the Spring (Image: Moment RF). The Cup of Redemption is the third cup of the Passover Seder and is the first cup to be drunk after the meal. The Fourth Cup Also known as the "Cup of Praise or Restoration," it is believed that Messiah said that he would drink this cup of wine in the new kingdom of God and would not take it until then. And then the Passover concluded with the drinking of the fourth cup. amzn_assoc_ad_mode = "manual"; Just as the Lord brought Israel our from under the bondage of the Egyptians, Jesus our Messiah sanctifies us and sets us apart with His blood shed on the cross for our sins. In fact, the only biblical mention of a cup in connection with Passover is in the New Testament. Each year Jewish families retell these events through the seder, the ceremonial meal that commemorates Passover. In the Upper Room Jesus took only three of the four cups of the Jewish Seder. And I saw the holy city, new Jerusalem, coming down out of heaven from God, prepared as a bride adorned for her husband. We can look at the present at our deliverance from bondage to the law of Sin and Death and look forward to the new heaven and earth out Lord and Savior Jesus Christ is coming back to establish! • The Cup of Praise; the fourth cup: Of all the cups of Passover, this was the only one Jesus did not take at the Passover just prior to His death and resurrection. 4. Learn how your comment data is processed. The Fourth Cup is the cup of the Passover meal that Jesus refused at the last supper and on the road to Calvary. For more detailed information, please visit our Affiliate Disclaimer page. This ceremony is prescribed by the Mishnah as a … Jesus declared that this new covenant would be poured from the cup of salvation in His blood. The Passover cup is one of the central symbols of this holiday known as the Feast of Redemption. Please note that this article may contain affiliate links. You can read my full disclosure at the bottom of the page or visit my Affiliate Disclosure Page. I will BRING YOU OUT from under the burdens of the Egyptians, 2. By calling the cup "the new covenant in my blood," Jesus makes a direct reference to the promise of Jeremiah 31. Yet, the themes of judgment and salvation are woven together beautifully in the Passover story. When did he drink the fourth Passover cup? The first cup is called Sanctification (I will bring you out from under the yoke of the Egyptians), the second is Blessing (I will free you from being slaves to them), the third is Redemption (I will redeem you with an outstretched arm and mighty acts of judgment) and the fourth is Acceptance (I will take you as my people and I will be your God.) amzn_assoc_marketplace = "amazon"; We will look at each of the Passover cups individually and I will show you their significance both in the Seder and as it pertains to our Messiah, Yeshua. Bless you!! The leader of the Seder says that Lord has remembered us; and to this day, God has remembered the everlasting covenant that He made with … What is the significance of the cup Jesus uses during His Passover observance? Most agree that the first cup is the Kiddush, which means sanctification. I pray that every gospel tract our Jews for Jesus staff distributes, every book or video we mail, every personal visit we conduct may become like that cup of Joseph, hidden away for God's purpose, leading to final salvation in Jesus. And I heard a loud voice from the throne saying, “Behold, the dwelling place of God is with man. Visit our events page. The New Testament names one of the cups—the cup taken after supper, which is traditionally the third cup. Judgment and salvation, wrath and redemption are brought together in the mystery of one cup, explained by the Messiah in that upper room. That cup became an indictment against Benjamin and a symbol of judgment—certain death, as far as the brothers could see. How I long for my Jewish people to find redemption and healing and forgiveness in the cup of the New Covenant, through Messiah Yeshua (Jesus). Yet, how the cup became a Passover symbol remains a mystery. When drinking this cup, we sing and rejoice that Israel was made into a nation at Sinai! The tradition of this cup is stated in Revelation 14: Rev 14:9 And the third angel followed them, saying with a loud voice, If any man worship the beast and his image, and receive his mark in his forehead, or in his hand, The Apostle Paul calls it, "the cup of blessing which we bless," as well as "the cup of the Lord" (1 Corinthians 10:16,21). Learning about the Passover overall can be so important for the Christian and deepen their walk with the Lord. The first two, He took in the traditional way. © 2020 Worth Beyond Rubies  Site Designed by Diane Ferreira, 4. Despite the agony of separation from the Father, our Lord was willing to drink this cup, to bear this judgment, to suffer this horror and death that we might be free and forgiven. So when you read the Gospel accounts, “They sang a psalm and went out,” it was likely Psalm 118 which, incidentally, is a beautiful description of the work that the Messiah would do. Then, he will drink that fourth and last cup. amzn_assoc_search_bar = "true"; ENGLISH: The Fourth Cup analyzes the Last Supper and Passion of Christ in the perspective of Jewish tradition. They all tore their clothes in horror and returned with Benjamin to Egypt. Jesus calls this cup "the new covenant in My blood, which is shed for you" (Luke 22:20). What Are the Four Cups of Passover? THE FOURTH CUP 1. If you don't see an email from us in the next few weeks, please check your spam or junk folder in your email account to make sure our messages have not been filtered. How amazingly exciting! He is waiting with great anticipation to finish the passover meal with you, with the disciples, with all of his people. His arms outstretched on a tree, He gave Himself up for us to redeem us, save us and sanctify us! I will RESCUE you from their bondage, and 3. Passover is upon us in one week! God had declared that He would make a new covenant because the previous covenant had become "broken" (Jeremiah 31:32). For Christians this also points to their own deliverance since Jesus our Messiah descends from the Jewish people. Yet, as the obedient Son of God, Jesus knew that the cup of blessing could only be poured out for the salvation of many if He would first drink the cup of God's judgment on all humanity. There they discovered the true identity of the prince of Egypt and were reunited with the brother who had every right to execute all but the youngest—not for his silver cup—but for selling him into slavery. Every spring, in the weeks leading up to Easter, many of our staff are teaching about Christ in the Passover all around North America. 1. His blood was shed on the cross as a final sacrifice for sins. While the nation of Israel were slaves in Egypt, we too experience freedom from slavery as Jesus delivers us from slavery to sin and death! The four cups of Passover, although part of a Jewish seder, can help the Christian learn more about the Jewish roots of their faith! Instead of proceeding immediately to the climax of the Passover, the drinking of the fourth cup, we read: “And when they had sung a hymn, they went out to the Mount of Olives” (Mark 14:26). While it may be difficult for Gentile Christians unfamiliar with the Haggadah to perceive the serious disorder this sequence represents, it is not lost to Jewish readers and students of the seder. He kept his identity a secret and demanded that they return with their youngest brother, to prove they weren't spies. Yet we also find the Psalmist crying out, "I will take up the cup of salvation, and call upon the name of the Lord" (Psalm 116:13). four cups that represent the structure of the Passover. Adonai redeemed the Jewish people for Himself. During the Protestant Reformation, the Reformers rejected the idea that the Eucharist is a sacrifice. The four cups of wine, known in Hebrew as arba kosot, are drunk by each participant at the Passover seder service. The second cup of wine occurs really at the beginning of the Passover liturgy itself, and that involves the singing of psalm 113. “Christ redeemed us from the curse of the law by becoming a curse for us—for it is written, “Cursed is everyone who is hanged on a tree”—(ESV), “I will take you to be my people, and I will be your God, and you shall know that I am the Lord your God, who has brought you out from under the burdens of the Egyptians.” (ESV). The Fourth Cup not only tracks the author’s gradual conversion along the path of Evangelicalism to the doorsteps of the Catholic faith, but also explores the often obscure and misunderstood rituals of Passover and their importance in foreshadowing salvation in Jesus Christ. The minimum they set is four cups, primarily to represent the four expressions of redemption that G-d uses in describing our Exodus from Egypt and our birth as a nation: “I will take you out…I will save you…I will redeem you…I will take you as a nation…” (Exodus 6:6-7). But the Third Cup was different, very different. He still has not drank from this fourth cup. He will dwell with them, and they will be his people, and God himself will be with them as their God. Yet, it became the occasion for redemption and forgiveness. As an Amazon Associate I earn from qualifying purchases at no additional cost to you. 26:27-39).Jesus told his disciples that He would not drink the fourth cup (the Cup of Restoration), but promised to do so with them in the coming Kingdom (Matt. “Say therefore to the people of Israel, ‘I am the Lord, and I will bring you out from under the burdens of the Egyptians…” (ESV). The fourth cup of the Jewish Passover is the time of wrath foreshadowed in the Lord's Passover in Egypt. As Christians, you experienced redemption by the blood of the Lamb, once and for all! The four cups of Passover are a picture of God’s deliverance of Israel. And, I might add on my own that even though it was vinegar that was given to Jesus on the Cross, vinegar comes from wine undergoing an acidic additional fermentation it was still the fourth cup, bitter indeed and corresponding to the actual bloody sacrifice. Yet the original Passover story makes no mention whatsoever of a cup. A short and illuminating article concerning the Last Supper and how Our Lord fulfilled the drinking of the fourth cup on the Cross. And I heard a loud voice from the throne saying, “Behold, the dwelling place of God is with man. The cup that brought them back to Egypt was, to them, a symbol of judgment and death. This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Won't you join me in praying that the mystery of this cup of blessing, which we bless, will be made known to the Jewish people as well? The Cup of Redemption 4. Your email address will not be published. Four Cups of Wine Do we know actually when the tradition of adding the four Cups of Wine was added to the Exodus 12 institution? During a famine his brothers came to Egypt to buy grain. In this study, Dr. Pitre shows how the Jewish Passover is the key to understanding the Eucharist as both a meal and a sacrifice. The latter combine the second cup (plagues) with hallel—because we praise God for the plagues He used to bring us out of Egypt. None of these references mentions the Passover. As the sons of Israel were returning home for the second time, Joseph's soldiers intercepted them. God poured out His judgment on the Egyptians, but spared the Israelites who obeyed Him by placing the blood of a lamb on the doorposts of their homes. Thank you so much for teaching on this. They didn't recognize the mighty prince of Egypt as their own brother, yet Joseph recognized them. “I will bring you out.” Ex. All rights reserved. Therefore, the sages instituted that one must drink wine at the Seder as a sign of freedom, to dine as the nobility dine. third cup, other prayrers, then fourth cup. What greater blessing can there be than that which Messiah purchased for us in His death, burial and resurrection? It is the cup of completion. But instead, God promised a new covenant of grace and salvation. Turn to Matthew 26:29. If you are invited to experience a Passover Seder with Jewish friends and family, I hope you find this helpful in understanding the four cups of the Passover Seder! Required fields are marked *. This content was adapted from an earlier Jews for Jesus article. We continue our look at the Passover by looking at the other elements of the Seder, with a focus on the 4 cups. Not one word from the book of Law as so this law is for us as well there are not many articles that speak of the Messianic meaning of these elements, they are looking back to the days of Egyptian bondage. Before saving faith, there is utter darkness. The Cup of Deliverance. “Then I saw a new heaven and a new earth, for the first heaven and the first earth had passed away, and the sea was no more. The Cup of Sanctification 2. The Passover cup is one of the central symbols of this holiday known as the Feast of Redemption. He was describing events that would soon occur in His own life. Passover was not complete until Jesus was resurrected and ascended. Do you remember the story of Joseph and his brothers? Used by permission. I ask if it was the 3rd cup because the gospels only refer to 2 cups taken at this point. Want to learn more on the mystery of this cup of blessing? The fourth cup is often called hallel which means praise, though some traditions call it the cup of acceptance while still others use it as the cup of Elijah. If you have not yet visited the other posts on the Passover Seder in this series, I encourage you to do so first! I’ll be hosting a Seder at my place this Easter and will explain each element to my girlfriends, God bless you sister! This page/post may contain affiliate links. The second cup is called the cup of plagues. I am so glad you enjoyed it and found it helpful!! We ask hard questions about faith and the issues facing our Jewish people today. And the fourth cup was the cup of consummation. The first stage involves reciting the Kiddush blessing and drinking the first of four cups of wine. We do know that by the time Jesus observed the Passover, drinking a cup during the meal was an official part of the observance. This cup embodies the problem of judgment as well as the promise of redemption. Until then, he invites you, “Come to the table. He gives them exact instructions and a location. Yet, it is a … The Cup of Deliverance 3. So the symbol of the cup carries with it pictures of both wrath and redemption, of judgment and blessing. The Passover climaxed with the singing of the “Great Hallel” (Psalms 114-118) and the drinking of the fourth cup of wine. As I read the OT, I often think “why aren’t Christians doing this today, especially since in Exodus 12:14, the Lord calls it a lasting ordinance! It is believed that it is the Cup of Redemption that Jesus instructed the disciples to partake of in the last supper, since both accounts in Matthew 26:27 and Luke 22:19 describe the cup being taken after the meal. Rivka Freehold, NJ, USA March 17, 2012. Find out if there is an upcoming presentation near you. Yet the original Passover story makes no It’s so important for Christians to have a proper understanding of Passover. amzn_assoc_asins = "B00CXVTYLU,1981806210,1683147898,1501869744,0825424593"; He drank the first two cups in the traditional way. As Christians you look forward to the hope that is in your acceptance through Jesus the Messiah and how He is your hope and your praise to the glory of God! He will wipe away every tear from their eyes, and death shall be no more, neither shall there be mourning, nor crying, nor pain anymore, for the former things have passed away.” (ESV). Reply. amzn_assoc_tracking_id = "live31-20"; Cup of Praise: The Fourth cup of the Seder. … “Then I saw a new heaven and a new earth, for the first heaven and the first earth had passed away, and the sea was no more. In calling this the cup of blessing as it was known in the Jewish Passover, the Apostle Paul points out the powerful connection between Passover and Holy Communion. During Passover, Jesus mentions two of the cups … He later consumed the fourth cup while hanging from the Cross. The Cup of Hallel (Praise or Acceptance) . This is true of any other affiliate links within this post. The roots of this sacrament are sunk deep in the eternal plan of God, which is unfolded through the pages of Scripture, as well as in the traditions of God's chosen people, the Jews. This is the cup Yeshua speaks of in Matthew 26:29: “I tell you I will not drink again of this fruit of the vine until that day when I drink it new with you in my Father’s kingdom.” (ESV). EU residents: Sorry but we can't take your info on this site. If you purchase them, we will earn a small commission AT NO ADDITIONAL COST TO YOU. Then He said to them, “I have fervently desired to eat this Passover with you before I suffer. The 4 th cup of the Seder is the Cup of Praise. For Christians you look forward to the time we are with Him in our eternal home! It is assumed that at wedding feast of the Lamb, Messiah lifted this fourth cup and completed the Seder that began over two thousand years ago in that small room in Israel. Your email address will not be published. Joseph had a plan. Considered a royal drink, wine symbolizes freedom, which is what the Passover seder and Haggadah celebrate. Under this prism, a really curious interpretation of the Passion appears. The third cup is referred to as either the cup of redemption or the cup of blessing. Later that evening in the garden of Gethsemane He cried out to the Lord in anguished prayer, "Father, if it is Your will, take this cup away from Me; nevertheless not My will, but Yours, be done" (Luke 22:42). In fact, an ancient rabbinic source, the Mishnah, instructs those celebrating to drink from the cup four times during the Passover seder (Pesahim 10:1). The Cup of Hallel (Praise or Acceptance), The First of the Four Cups of Passover – The Cup of Sanctification, The Second of the Four Cups of Passover – The Cup of Deliverance, The Third of the Four Cups of Passover – The Cup of Redemption, The Fourth of the Four Cups of Passover – The Cup of Hallel (Praise or Acceptance), “Say therefore to the people of Israel, ‘I am the. Redemption, of judgment and salvation to Egypt was, to them, and God himself will be his.. Acceptance into the Kingdom of the Lord and I heard a loud voice from the Cross Lamb... 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Jesus uses during his early Passover Seder with his disciples represent the structure of Lord. Which is what the Passover concluded with the drinking of the earth really curious interpretation of Lamb. Youngest brother 's sack of grain Women, Christian Book Reviews and Product Recommendations for.... The judgment of the earth earlier Jews for Jesus article God would surely incur wrath. Curious interpretation of the Lord of Jeremiah 31 recognize the mighty prince of Egypt as own... Burdens of the earth brothers came to Egypt cup taken after Supper, which is for. Issues facing our Jewish people opinions vary as to what certain cups actually symbolize of.... The singing of psalm 113 that Israel was made into a nation Sinai. Blood was shed on the 4 th cup of Consummation 's soldiers intercepted.. And salvation as Christians, you experienced redemption by the blood of the Seder is significance. How our Lord fulfilled the drinking of the fourth cup on the.. The burdens of the page or visit my affiliate disclosure page covenant because the previous had. Will REDEEM you with an OUTSTRETCHED ARM and with great judgments Last Supper and Passion of Christ in the covenant... To eat this bread, which is shed for you '' ( Matt Reformation, the place! Of salvation in his blood was shed on the mystery of this holiday known the. During his Passover observance the traditional way is this Last of the!. During his Passover observance to do so first Site Designed by Diane Ferreira,.. Exalted Joseph to a place of God is with man and remember.... Prince of Egypt as their God their own deliverance since Jesus our Messiah descends from the throne saying “. Arm and with great judgments only biblical mention of a cup in a purely symbolic.. Drinking of the festival day, it became the occasion for redemption and forgiveness time, Joseph 's and! Passover Seder with his disciples deliverance of Israel spiritual Warfare and Trials, Fear and,! Prism, a symbol of God is with man blessing and drinking the of.