Read every line of Shakespeare’s original text alongside a modern English translation. Renaissance men often suspected their wives of adultery because of the stigma around being a "cuckold." LO1 To explore how the balance of power shifts between Iago and Othello in lines 90 to 259 (AO2) LO2 To closely analyse the linguistic techniques that Iago uses to manipulate Othello (AO2) LO3 To consider the impact that Iago has on Othello’s state of mind in the first section of Act 3 scene 3 (AO2) Summary: Act III, scene i. "My students can't get enough of your charts and their results have gone through the roof." Not only that, but The garden of the castle. "Look to your wife, observe her well with Cassio;" Iago to Othello ACT 3 SCENE 3 - TEMPTATION SCENE. The handkerchief is a symbol of Othello and Desdemona's love. The garden of the castle. Othello makes reference to “the rack,” an infamous medieval torture device which stretches the prisoner’s limbs in opposite directions. Project instructions: Imagine you’re the director of a new production of Othello. Rather, he projects his confusion and rage about the possibility of Desdemona’s faithlessness onto Iago, demanding “the ocular proof.”. This contradiction indicates the lack of clarity in his thinking. Othello Act 3 Quotes -Iago-CassioExplication: He will send Desdemona to Cassio and will find Othello and figure out a way for Desdemona and Othello to talk so he can promote Cassio “I’ll send her to you presently,And I’ll devise a mean to draw the MoorOut of the way, that your converse and businessMay be … (Desdemona; Cassio; Emilia; Othello; Iago) Desdemona assures Cassio she will do all she can for him. Now that Othello knows of the fictional adultery, the rest of the play is devoted to the unfolding consequences. In other words, he loves her too deeply to let her go. Othello insists that only the collapse of form and order (chaos) would cause him to fall out of love with his wife, Desdemona. Othello Act 3, scene 3. This continues Iago’s tactic of withholding the specific accusation of Cassio, allowing the thought to emerge in Othello’s mind. Desdemona is essentially tasked with maintaining the sanity of her husband. Meanwhile Iago, the cunning one, runs free. Rather, it is in Othello’s best interests. . Detailed explanations, analysis, and citation info for every important quote on LitCharts. Desdemona’s case for reinstating Cassio is that his crime is one of ignorance, not cunning. Othello, however, interprets Cassio's dream as a "foregone conclusion" that Desdemona betrayed him. In an effort to win Othello’s good graces, Cassio sends musicians to play music beneath the general’s window. The reflexive pronoun construction "their own" refers to "their own eyes," which is to say that no one, aside from them, will be able to catch them. And, once again, he follows a moment of backing off with an insinuation calculated to drive Othello still madder with jealousy—all carefully staged. I like not that. Othello’s point is that knowing just “a little” about Desdemona’s adultery is the greatest torture of all. Act 3, Scene 3 Cassio has explained the whole situation to Desdemona, and she promises to not rest until she's convinced Othello to reinstate Cassio as his lieutenant and renew their friendship. Share your thoughts on William Shakespeare, "Othello", Act 3 scene 3's quotes with the community: 0 Comments. She tells Emilia so, and that sh… Iago to Othello ACT 3 SCENE 3 - TEMPTATION SCENE. LitCharts Teacher Editions. The third act begins with a bit of comic relief; a clown is mincing words with a few musicians, then has a little wordplay with Cassio, who bids the clown to go and see if Desdemona will speak with him. Cassio asks the clown to entreat Emilia to come speak with … The images of Othello’s home life—his bed, his dining table—become political locations where affairs of state are discussed. Storyboard Text . Othello asks Iago to send some letters to the Senate and then orders the Gentlemen to show him a fort. Iago understands that Cassio spoke to Desdemona about his reinstatement. The planting of the handkerchief, which Othello dropped, in Cassio's room shows how jealousy produces the effect it fears. Scene 3. Be thou assured, good Cassio, I will do. Green and yellow are both emblematic of jealousy, so jealousy is a "green-eyed monster." Iago pretends to be reluctant to reveal the fictitious affair between Cassio and Desdemona because stealing a person's honor is far worse than stealing his/her money. Othello returns to Iago, and continues to flare his jealousy. nature erring from itself — " (227). A cuckolded man (a man whose wife is cheating on him) faced both social humiliation and ruined credit. Start studying Othello Act 3, Scene 3 quotes. Enter DESDEMONA, CASSIO, and EMILIA. Othello’s metaphor suggests that Desdemona’s fall from grace would place her at his level. All Acts are listed on the Othello text page, or linked to from the bottom of this page.. ACT 3. My students love how organized the handouts are and enjoy tracking the themes as a class.”, “Every teacher of literature should use these translations. Jealousy is a "green-eyed" monster because it takes you over and causes you to see what is not there. Notify me of new comments via email. Notably, Iago, too, has no evidence that Othello has slept with Emilia, but the suspicion or doubt seems to have been sufficient to make him spurn Emilia and persecute Othello. Notice, also, that until this moment, Othello has always been honest. Students love them!”. In a reiteration of the theme of emotion versus reason, Othello uses reason to suppress any potential flarings of emotion. Iago once again manages to plant a seed of doubt in another person's mind without seeming to mean to. However, his words and shifts are carefully calculated to inspire jealousy. "Pomp, and circumstance" are the glories and ceremonies of warfare. Jove, king of the gods in Roman mythology and known as Zeus in Greek, ruled the sky and heavens. This highly theatrical moment of vow-taking reflects the climax of Iago's plan. They're like having in-class notes for every discussion!”, “This is absolutely THE best teacher resource I have ever purchased. Act One Scene 3 of William Shakespeare's Othello 1009 Words | 5 Pages. As if to quell Othello’s concerns about her intentions, Desdemona assures him that her case to reinstate Cassio is not a “boon,” or personal favor. In Act III, Scene iii of Othello, Shakespeare portrays Iago using Ethos to persuade Othello that his wife has been cheating on him. As the scene draws to a close, Othello agrees to the plot Iago has devised. Shakespeare structures this phrase to encompass both realities. View This Storyboard as a Slide Show! Iago knows this well and capitalizes on it. Examine the importance of Act 3: Scene 3 of Othello, considering its significance in terms of plot, character, theme and dramatic power Essay April 11, 2019 June 14, 2020 admin Marriage Othello is a play about a black ‘noble moor’ who has an ideal marriage. What does this symbolize? He has become lieutenant, and destroyed Othello's sense of his own honor in the process. Iago fuels Othello’s concerns, claiming that nature’s course would guide Desdemona to choose someone of the same clime—or social status—and race. By expressing a desire to let her live, Iago further coaxes Othello into choosing to kill her. Othello uses a falconry metaphor to explain his torn feelings for Desdemona. Actually understand Othello Act 3, Scene 3. In an intriguing double metaphor, Othello characterizes Desdemona’s shift in reputation as a change in her face’s complexion. As Othello describes it, however, Desdemona’s jesses—the cords that attach a falcon to its falconer—are his heartstrings. "Men should be what they seem, or those that be not, would they might seem not" (III.iii.126-127) "My lord, you know I love you" (III.iii.117) Desdemona tries convincing Othello on accepting Cassio back into his official role. Act 3, Scene 3 of Shakespeare's OTHELLO, with notes, line numbers and search function. Cassio leaves hastily in order to avoid speaking with Othello. Desdemona is with Cassio and Emilia. From the creators of SparkNotes, something better. Emilia comes out, and bids Cassio to come in and speak with Desdemona about his tarnished reputation. In Act 3 Scene 3 of Othello, Othello and Iago kneel down together and then rise. The garden of the castle. The image he produces likens his violent urges to an “icy current” as well as to “bloody thoughts,” a pair of contradictory images. Othello’s words reveal a trace of dramatic irony. Cassio's Dream When Othello asks for proof that Desdemona's been disloyal, Iago tells him about a dream that Cassio supposedly had one night while he was lying in bed next to Iago. Othello acknowledges that his love for Desdemona has the power to influence him negatively. In saying this, Othello calls him back and says he should tell him everything. With those five words, spoken as an aside (but purposefully loud enough to be overheard by Othello in act 3, scene 3, of Shakespeare's Othello), Iago … Othello swears off his profession, as well as marital bliss, because Iago has convinced him that Desdemona has been unfaithful. In this couplet, Othello admits to the nuanced nature of his trust in others. Iago acts as if he was sorry that he ever told Othello about it. Explanatory Notes for Act 3, Scene 3. The act of kneeling is traditionally associated with a vow of loyalty, devotion, or submission. The horns are from a medieval myth in which cuckolded men were thought to sprout horns as a result of their symbolic castration. When Iago beseeches Othello to let Desdemona live, he may be employing his often-used tactic of reverse psychology. SCENE 3. The idea of reputation is the idea on which Iago will build all of his deceit. Ever the master of irony, Iago’s goal here is to sow seeds of jealousy in Othello. Shakespeare was not the only Renaissance Englishman to pair colors with emotions or personal qualities, though he is the first we know of to do so in print. However, the people who come is his … Othello thinks of the racial divide between Desdemona and himself. Not only does she claim to have the power to reinstate Cassio, Cassio himself pledges to be her servant, not Othello’s. Othello's anxiety, though unfair, is understandable. Othello thinks that his decline into the vale of years may be a reason for Desdemona to cheat on him. New York: Clark & Maynard. Othello wishes to know the “horrible conceit” about Cassio that Iago has “shut up in [his] brain.” In truth, the horrible conceit in Iago’s brain is a much deeper one than Cassio’s fictional adultery. Got it. Notice also that Othello immediately thinks of killing Desdemona. By pointing to the man’s “guiltylike” movements, though, Iago introduces the idea that Cassio is guilty of some other indiscretion. Emilia explains the significance of the napkin, giving meaning to the previous exchange between Desdemona and Othello. Iago enters with Othello and tries to make him notice Cassio going away after meeting Desdemona. Desdemona pleads to Othello on Cassio’s behalf. Emilia says that Cassio’s situation is upsetting her husband so much that it’s as if … Othello's anxiety, though unfair, is understandable. Othello: Act 3, Scene 3 Enter DESDEMONA, CASSIO, and EMILIA. Othello can no longer enjoy the "pomp, and circumstance" of his occupation because he believes he has been cuckolded (betrayed by his adulterous wife). All my abilities in thy behalf. Meanwhile, despite being misused by her own husband, Emilia nonetheless remains eager to please him. According to Iago’s lies, Desdemona found neither characteristics in Othello, suggesting a “will most rank.” In other words, Iago characterizes Desdemona as deceitful and manipulative. IAGO O, beware, my lord, of jealousy! As Othello arrives, Cassio leaves because he is too ashamed to face him. Othello refers to himself as an “excellent wretch,” an oxymoron that characterizes his status as a foolish, out-of-control lover. Desdemona, who showed independence resisting her father's anger in 1.1, here proves herself willing to take an independent political stand against her husband. Othello's sudden curtness to Desdemona may indicate that he is already suspicious of her, just from seeing Cassio rush away. He claims that his thoughts about Cassio might be unnecessarily upsetting. Othello offers a dense metaphor for his rage. Her face was once “fresh as Dian’s”—an allusion to the Greek goddess Diana, whose virginity and moonlike skin are used to symbolize purity. His words also ironically reflect on Othello’s situation. Othello Act 3 Scene 3 Lyrics. Iago knows well that Othello saw Cassio exit, and yet he shrouds Cassio’s presence in intrigue. The original text plus a side-by-side modern translation of. And Othello, overcome by jealousy, accepts it. Jealousy in Othello Act 3 Scene 3 by shakespeare. Teach your students to analyze literature like LitCharts does. Act 3, Scene 3 Professor Bradley Greenburg of Northeastern Illinois University provides an in-depth summary and analysis of Act 3, Scene 3 of William Shakespeare's play Othello. He then pretends not to have reasons for distrusting Cassio. [He puts the handkerchief from him, and she drops it.]. The audience, of course, knows well which line of thinking is accurate. Desdemona begs Othello to reinstate Cassio and insists he set a time to do it. Othello describes his anger as similarly ceaseless, without ebb. On one level, Iago speaks of himself hypothetically. In act 3, scene 3, Iago poisons Othello's mind, insinuating that Desdemona's been cheating on him with Michael Cassio. Othello here states that the uncertainty of jealousy is actually worse than the possible crime, and expressly connects his worrying with the loss of military glory, of honor and manhood. This passage alludes to the Pontic Sea, today known as the Black Sea, a body of water without a balanced tide which flows in and out. Iago argues that the fortunate man knows his wife is adulterous, while the unfortunate man is plagued by the anxiety of unconfirmed suspicion. DESDEMONA. Iago continues to strive to produce the effects of honesty. This exchange between Cassio and Desdemona places Desdemona in a higher tier of importance than Othello. . Desdemona tries to heal Othello’s ache with this symbol of their love, but he refuses it, and it falls to the floor. Desdemona tells Cassio that she will do everything she can to have him reinstated as lieutenant, and will not stop pleading for him until he is restored. Iago, who hast had my purse as if the strings were thine, shouldst know of this. Iago cleverly frames his thoughts as untrustworthy and beyond his own control. Abbreviations. Act 3 Scene 3 . This moment represents the beginning of the play’s climax. In this exchange, Iago evokes what psychologists refer to as “confirmation bias.” After planting doubt in Othello’s mind, Iago compels him to look for evidence, knowing that he will find further grounds for jealousy even where they do not exist. Act 3 Scene 2 . According to Iago, Cassio talked in his sleep while dreaming about Desdemona. Othello quotes act 3. Brabantio has remarked time and again that Desdemona’s love for Othello is an aberration from nature. This small moment foreshadows the breaking down of their relationship. Cassio leaves when he sees Othello and Iago approach, as he is too embarrassed to stay and hear Desdemona argue for him. That Desdemona characterizes her relationship to Othello in this way indicates the level of power she commands in both her marriage and the political sphere. Argue for a staging that would communicate to an audience one theme that you see in the play. Hugh Quarshie as Othello and Lucian Msamati as Iago in Iqbal Khan's 2015 production of Othello with the Royal Shakespeare Company. The scene she paints represents a fascinating overlap between the domestic and the political. Synopsis: Desdemona’s interview with Cassio is cut short by the arrival of Othello. Desdemona believing in her husband’s goodness assures Cassio regarding his problem. Othello’s self-awareness in this passage is fascinating. Like What You See? As he judiciously puts it, “I’ll see before I doubt; when I doubt, prove.”. Othello threatens Iago saying, "You better prove my love a whore." Iago introduces the idea that Othello may have something to be jealous about which plants a seed of doubt in his mind. All the while, Iago builds Othello’s anticipation. Publish Literary Analysis : Othello Act 3 Scene 3 Rhetorical and Literary Devices By: Kathy, Melinda, Kyle and Anthony line 93-94 & 100-107 line 374 Leading Questions: Timeline Anticipations are reached and manipulations of Iago's plan unfold without this scene the play and plot would be -Graham S. As soon as doubt about Desdemona's faithfulness creeps in, Othello loses his sense of manhood and begins to be affected by the racial prejudice that he had formerly shrugged off. Othello, Act 3, Scene 4. This website uses cookies to ensure you get the best experience. This page contains the original text of Othello Act 3, Scene 3.Shakespeare’s original Othello text is extremely long, so we’ve split the text into one Scene per page. Instant downloads of all 1386 LitChart PDFs According to Iago, "Who steals my purse steals trash" because money doesn't compare to honor; honor can only belong to a specific person, whereas money doesn't change based on who possesses it. Emilia's making a copy of the handkerchief echoes her husband's diligently producing illusions. For the first time in the play, Othello directs his anger towards Iago, calling him “villain.” It is a shallow label; Othello does not understand the depths of Iago’s villainy. Now, to protect his own honor, he lies and says that he is not jealous. He believes that she has robbed him of his manhood, so he feels he must destroy her. IAGO: Ha! Brainerd Kellogg. As Othello says, “[T]o be once in doubt / Is once to be resolved” (III.iii. This storyboard was created with StoryboardThat.com. Othello Act 1 - Act 3-3. by 361312b9. He expresses his concern that his reputation would be ruined should he freely give his thoughts away. He characterizes his vengeance as “black,” drawing upon both racial and moral connotations. He understands how toxic his shift in perspective is—“‘tis of aspics’ tongues”—and yet he is helpless in controlling his emotions. Iago’s tactic is meant to cultivate Othello’s doubts about Cassio without behaving as if he intends to do so. Iago’s tactic in this exchange with Othello is to give away slight inclinations of distrust in Cassio. Iago once again plants seeds of doubt while making himself look innocent by airing his suspicions and then arguing that they can't possibly be true. Learn more. (including. In Shakespeare's time, a vale (which is a broad, flat valley) was often used as a metaphor for the span of life between the peaks of life and death. Iago cleverly employs personification here, identifying not Cassio as the foe but rather jealousy itself. Read Act 3, Scene 3 of Shakespeare's Othello, side-by-side with a translation into Modern English. Desdemona decides that she wants to advocate for Cassio. It is the green-eyed monster which doth mock The meat it feeds on; (3.3.195-197) Iago’s pretty good at manipulating Othello, don’t you think? “Would not have made it through AP Literature without the printable PDFs. Our, LitCharts assigns a color and icon to each theme in. Cassio, the ignorant one, is condemned. Yet again, Iago is most deceitful precisely in the moments in which he pretends to be most moderate. Teachers and parents! Notice that it is Othello, now jealous, who says it is too small and lets it fall. Struggling with distance learning? In this case, “strangeness” means “estrangement.” In other words, even though Othello has distanced himself Cassio, the distance is short because of the history the two men share. Iago responds to Othello's demand for visible proof with the most circumstantial, unverifiable evidence. In this moment he cannot decide whether Desdemona is faithful and Iago dishonest, or if Desdemona is faithless and Iago honest. Othello is no longer as sure as he was of Desdemona's fidelity, for he ponders on the possibility of " . Cyprus. But Othello denied because he thinks his perfect is the best justify for himself. True to his character, Othello does not believe in Iago’s stance of jealousy. From Othello’s perspective, Desdemona may be stressing the urgency of the case out of her feelings for Cassio. Desdemona, Cassio and Emilia are talking in the garden of the castle. Othello finds this insecurity resurfacing in the context of Desdemona’s possible adultery. A "vale of years" is the flat stretch between middle age, beyond the slope of youth. Othello sees a group of men approaching hem, and Iago thinks that’s Brabantio and his followers, so he suggests Othello to leave. She promises to help him. Othello here states that the uncertainty of jealousy is actually worse than the possible crime, and expressly connects his worrying with the loss of military glory, of honor and manhood. Using his brilliant rhetoric, Iago plants solid suspicion in Othello’s mind regarding the character of Desdemon… The growth of jealousy based on nonexistent evidence becomes one of the play’s central themes. Othello sends his servant, a clown, or peasant, to tell the musicians to go away. Iago tells him that he has seen Cassio with Desdemona's handkerchief. His dread clamors represent thunderbolts. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Now her face is as “black” as Othello’s, an image that draws again on the play’s complicated association between racial blackness and moral blackness. Enter DESDEMONA, CASSIO, and EMILIA From Othello.Ed. Othello agrees to her but he has started doubting her. Iago has convinced Othello that Desdemona had an affair with Lieutenant Cassio; however, Iago is pretending to downplay it by insisting that he only heard Lieutenant Cassio dreaming (audibly) about Desdemona. — Sarah, Owl Eyes Staff Shakespeare was not the only Renaissance Englishman to pair colors with emotions or personal qualities, though he is the first we know of to do so in print. Desdemona stresses the immediacy of Cassio’s case because of Cassio’s fears that Othello might leave him behind entirely after too long. Iago succeeds in recasting Othello’s courtship with Desdemona as evidence of her duplicitous nature. Even full knowledge of the situation is manageable by comparison. SCENE III. Her method of argument is fascinating because it contains an unseen irony: the qualities she brings up are those which separate Cassio and Iago. Iago enters, and Cassio tells him that he means to speak to Desdemona, so that she may clear things up with Othello. The horrible conceit is Iago’s larger plan to exact revenge on Othello and Cassio. In Elizabethan times, to be a cuckold was a severe embarrassment. Thou told'st me thou didst hold him in thy hate. Part of him wishes to let her fly free and do as she wishes. He seeks to eliminate the uncertainty by getting proof—by seeing reality. They completely demystify Shakespeare. Copy. Create your own! Such harsh consequences led to frequent paranoia, also called horn-madness because of the metaphorical horns that supposedly sprout from the cuckold's brow. Othello makes a subtle reference to the cuckold’s horns. Act One Scene 3 of William Shakespeare's Othello Referring to the passage in page 155, I have analysed several points in conjunction to background knowledge, in attempt to answer the task set above. For her part, Desdemona insists on her obedience to him as a virtuous wife. Othello's exasperation with Iago's further supports that Othello has already become suspicious. Othello | Act 3, Scene 3 | … Othello expresses his internal shift from love to hate. Synopsis of Act 3 Scene 3. 183 – 184 ). Updated: 12/22/2020. Cassio declares he's forever indebted to her, and Desdemona again … If Iago’s false allegations of adultery between Cassio and Desdemona were true, Othello’s reputation would be destroyed. Desdemona promises to take up Cassio’s cause and to torment Othello about it incessantly. Othello then grabs Iago by the throat, and commands him to come up with "ocular proof" (3.3.360) that Desdemona has been unfaithful or else be punished for causing Othello such emotional pain. 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