So, why did pilots lose control? background-color: #2F7BCC; “This letter is in response to the recent, We feel the new Flight Instructor Airplane ACS should have multiple task elements that require a deeper understanding of aerodynamics and a serious requirement to teach each maneuver. In this case there needs to be definition of several specific problems. Since 2014 I’ve collected over 1000 survey responses from pilots who fly fixed wing SE aircraft. Not a member? What is that? Visual flight is controlling direction at a point toward the horizon and keeping it unmoving relative a spot on the windshield. It’s a GOOD thing that pilots by and large manage a very serious issue so the outcome is either a non-event (i.e. This is just the beginning of learning aircraft control. LOC-I because a high time pilot decided to fly with a known mechanical deficiency isn’t uncommon. While a few participants did try to move the discussion towards attitude flying – Patty Wagstaff, Doug Stewart, Charlie Precourt, and Sean Elliot all tried – it seemed the discussion kept moving back to technology solutions and airspeed, airspeed, airspeed. However, flight schools must, must stress attitude flying. Without a concept of attitude control at the base of one’s knowledge pyramid, hearing this message later has little impact on how a pilot flies or how a CFI teaches. Does this enhance safety? The ACS portion is a direct reprint of the most current version of the FAA Instrument Pilot Airman Certification Standards at the time of print. Perhaps more than any other factor, flight instructors have a direct impact on your success as a student. will have approximately 600-700 lbs. } I too watched the NTSB round table discussion on LOC-I. Julian Nicholls Flight Instructor at ACS Flight Training Lt Whitley Bay. img#wpstats{display:none} .rtl td.recentcommentstexttop { Flight Instructor Practical Test Standards Flight Engineer Practical Test Standards Aircraft Dispatcher Practical Test Standards. Control of the aircraft is always achieved through attitude control combined with a proper power setting. Is that a failure of understanding aerodynamics? Beyond the “Stupid Pilot” View of Safety. An amazing number of these pilots (about 20%) reported having experienced a complete loss of thrust . What are we trying to do? Flight Instructor at ACS Flight Training Lt Newcastle upon Tyne, United Kingdom 116 connections. SAFE and allied professionals are poised to help advance this initiative in basic flying skills and instructor professionalism. There is much more that needs to be added to the curriculums. } Let us know your ideas please: “This letter is in response to the recent FAA webinar explaining ACS changes as well as offering a ‘sneak preview’ of the ATP and CFI ACS. Thanks for contributing Andy. If you go back to the annual NTSB conferences the past few years they are just a repeat of how to fix LOC. Find the right flight instructor. Lastly, use our FREE SAFE Toolkit App to put pilot endorsements and experience requirements right on your smart phone and facilitate CFI+DPE teamwork. Learn how your comment data is processed. Canada has a more thoughtful CFI system with 4 separate levels with graduated privileges. Private Pilot ACS Exams. The airplane was designed and built to fly. ga.src = ('https:' === document.location.protocol ? non- LOC-I defining events) some at-the-margins change in instruction seems necessary. } More . The various ACS volumes are organized by elements of aeronautical knowledge, decision making, and skills. Please “follow” our SAFE blog to receive notification of new articles. Evidence of the erosion of authentic knowledge about attitude aircraft control was highly visible in the recent NTSB roundtable on the Loss of Control pandemic. For level turn with coordinated increased thrust the spot is kept level with the horizon. At Vy the thrust component-lift will be 6 to 8 degrees above the direction of motion. (function() { Pitch+power=performance. \爀屲Revised versions of the ACS for the Private Pilot對 Airplane certificate and the Instrument Airplane rating, along with the first version of the ACS for the Commercial Pilot Airp\൬ane certificate, are in effect as of June 12, 2017.\爀屲This presentation offers a recap of the ACS for those who haven’t used it對 yet, and then it introduces and explains some of the key changes. The Flight Instructor – FI(A) rating allows you to conduct flight instruction for the issue of PPL(A) and class and type ratings for SEP airplanes. Get the latest news on coronavirus impacts on general aviation, including what AOPA is doing to protect GA, event cancellations, advice for pilots to protect themselves, and more. Write us a comment if you see a problem or want to contribute an article. font-size: 1.4rem; Associate Editor Web Dan Namowitz has been writing for AOPA in a variety of capacities since 1991. font-weight: 400; The opinions here also represent a widespread opinion among experienced CFIs and DPEs throughout our aviation industry. } First, we need more senior CFIs back in the field (ideas on this in a future blog) but we also need a dedicated cadre of better new CFIs. Amazing flexibility and convenience for both the instructor and the student. Have we gone totally mad? Sport Pilot Practical Test Standards for Airship, Balloon, and Flight Instructor (FAA-S-8081-30 with Change 4) (PDF) Dec /2004: 05/02/2014: Sport Pilot Practical Test Standards for Weight Shift Control, Powered Parachute, and Flight Instructor (FAA-S-8081-31 with Change 4) (PDF) Dec 2004: 7/12/2017 It *is* shocking how many accidents and incidents go unreported. Can you blame them? Their conferences have all dwelt only on stall and added instruments. _gaq.push(['_setAccount', 'UA-75571901-1']); Maybe we should teach the idle power approaches initially as in the olden days and if deemed necessary only with an Instructor on board. Working together we make safer pilots! The pilot causes all stall. The reference document includes useful information on changes in knowledge testing procedures, how to locate a testing center, and recent revisions to knowledge test reports. margin: .538462em 0 0; Enter any combination name, airport, mile radius, zip code, US state or CFI certifications to find flight instructors. When are they going to decide to define the problems so they can be fixed. The FAA airman certification standards (ACS) specify the individual elements and tasks required for the practical test in addition to minimum completion standards for many of the flight maneuvers. However, the data I discussed above do relate to NON-accident/NON-incident events where pilots successfully negotiated the problem without bending metal. } dvis3yzawwgr9p4du4g7rcqsie1vi7 Our sincere thanks to all who contribute constructively to this forum in answering flight training questions. The next meeting of that panel will be a virtual session on June 23, said Christopher Cooper, AOPA director of regulatory affairs, who will again represent AOPA members in the working group. the Private and Commercial pilot ACS, use of endorsements, student pilot process, and all the stuff in your Flight Instructor PTS/ACS. The nifty device invented by the young EAA innovators is a wearable display of airspeed and factored stall speed; very cool. .wf-active .entry-title a { Universally, pilots chase the (lagging) airspeed needle instead of flying attitude as primary. and vastly different crew configurations/knowledge & proficiency levels… all operated by fallible human pilots. CFIs have to know this to teach it or all is lost. We’ve become fascinated with technology and lost our focus on the basics of pitch and power. Paul Roberts Boeing 737 Pilot at Ryanair 🇮🇪 - Europe’s Favourite Airline (prev. You can't instruct new PPL students with a CRI. I was fortunate to have this kind of opportunity as a new CFI. In fact, many of the civilian schools are doing Initial Flight Screening (IFS) of potential military pilots before the prospects can go into full military flight training. When you train with ACS Flight Training you’re not only learning to fly, we’re training you to become a commercial airline pilot. Hi John, thanks for commenting. While poor decisions don’t necessarily lead to bad outcomes, I think most of us would agree bad decisions nearly always margins and make a bad outcome more likely and possibly much worse. Until you have completed at least 100 hours of flight instruction and, in addition, has supervised at least 25 student solo flights, the privileges of … IMHO, we can make additional improvements at the margin, however the big gains toward the golden goal post of zero accidents will never (EVER) be achieved as long as we’re measuring ‘success’ by lumping technology that spans the 1930’s to 2018, includes vastly different airframes (jets, round engines, single engines, multi engines, pressurized/non-pressurized, fixed wing, rotor wing, etc., and etc.) CFI ENDORSEMENT LABELS. Flight Instructor Practical Test Standards for Airplane Multi-Engine Land and Sea: FAA-S-8081-6D (Practical Test Standards series) ACS SIM CENTER PROUDLY PRESENTS OUR STATE OF THE ART FLY-IT SIMULATOR IN LAKE HAVASU CITY! What most often happens in current training programs is this; background knowledge – informing no fundamental concept – then techniques and procedures drawn directly from the laws of physics. .site-title { The Aviation Instructor ACS is also under development, as is an Inspection Authorization Testing Standard (for aviation mechanics). For Your Best Learning: “Own” Your Errors! This would also reduce the pattern time for initial training. table.recentcommentsavatartop a, table.recentcommentsavatarend a { Perhaps it’s an inadequate S&R skill set. While I agree that low time CFI’s may not have the experience that goes with many hours of dual, I’ve found the newly minted to be both conscientious and, for the most part, open minded. input[type="text"],input[type="email"],input[type="url"],input[type="password"],input[type="search"],input[type="tel"],input[type="number"],textarea{background:#f7f7f7;color:#686868}input[type="text"]:focus,input[type="email"]:focus,input[type="url"]:focus,input[type="password"]:focus,input[type="search"]:focus,input[type="tel"]:focus,input[type="number"]:focus,textarea:focus{background-color:#fff;color:#1a1a1a}body{background-color:#e6ddd0}.site,.main-navigation ul ul li{background-color:#eee9e1}body #infinite-footer .container{background-color:#eee9e1}body #infinite-footer .container{background-color:rgba(238,233,225,.9)}.main-navigation ul ul:after{border-top-color:#eee9e1}.main-navigation ul 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This means when making level turns, instead of teaching a student to pull the control wheel to remain level, just coordinate increased thrust. With the aging pilot population and precipitous drop in student pilot starts, recreational flying is in danger of disappearing entirely in the US. As for your reference to AOPA’s “Essential Aerodynamics”, I consider it a piece of crap and don’t recommend it to my students. Though the current system keeps telling everyone to pull the control wheel to start climb, merely adding thrust does the same thing. True—just one of many changes to airman training and testing that have taken effect recently or are in the works for students, advanced pilots, and flight instructors, in or out of the cockpit. Our new CFIs must have a better understanding of aerodynamics and focus on primary attitude awareness for aircraft control. Find Flight Instructors X Close. Yet most seem apathetic about trying to change this pernicious trend, having tried over the years to move the needle of understanding in a positive direction. In most cases, these attempts have been largely unsuccessful. This will be around ten feet forward of the center of lift so is contributing 600-700 ft.-lbs. No mention of how not to stall in the first place. There is even a push in our industry now to roll back the long-standing requirement for 200 /2  to sign off initial CFI applicants as the “puppy mills” crank out “educators” even faster. In response to new CFIs teaching other new pilots, I don’t think that is altogether a bad thing. Join to Connect ACS Flight Training Ltd. Barnard Castle School. He has been a flight instructor since 1990 and is a 30-year AOPA member. Flight Instructor Practical Test Standards for Airplane Multi-Engine Land and Sea: FAA-S-8081-6D (Practical Test Standards series) [Federal Aviation Administration (FAA)/Aviation Supplies & Academics (ASA)] on Amazon.com. It is not going to happen until the experienced and expert Instructors decide what it takes to teach safe flight. It is crafted by a former DPE (15 years and 2400 tests, now a current G4 pilot) and then edited and counter-signed by several DPEs at SAFE. Should those “one year olds” really be teaching our new aviators? Hands, Feet, Eyes. .rtl td.recentcommentstextend { Julian Nicholls. Thank-you all for the comments, a rich conversation. Other handbook updates now in the works (with release dates not yet announced) include such standard study volumes as the Airplane Flying Handbook, the Instrument Flying Handbook, and the Pilot’s Handbook of Aeronautical Knowledge. Helping pilots train efficiently by making them aware of what’s new only works if pilots are informed about what is obsolete and no longer on the test. line-height: 1.25; Our sincere thanks to all who contribute constructively to this forum in answering flight training questions. Once proficient in idle-power landing, the powered approach is simple for a Student. (Always make sure you are preparing for your practical test with the current version.). The syllabus consists of 4 stages containing multiple modules; each stage is designed to meet a particular requirement of training as outlined in Parts 141 and 61. All the elevator ever does is set an angle-of-attack for flight at a specific indicated-airspeed. An unintended consequence of the changes made in the 1960’s to extend landing patterns to make powered approaches rather than the previous use of idle power approaches was they didn’t require PPL to demonstrate idle power landing. td.recentcommentsavatarend, td.recentcommentsavatartop { var ga = document.createElement('script'); ga.type = 'text/javascript'; ga.async = true; Setting the elevator trim to approximate Vx, steering with rudder and controlling altitude with changes of thrust. Customer Service Toll … The Aviation Instructor ACS is also under development, as is an Inspection Authorization Testing Standard (for aviation mechanics). ACS say that the programme allows candidates who would otherwise struggle to fund the course some assistance with fees, and will also […] Useful for a club check pilot or for someone that wants to put something back into aviation. This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. This often requires guiding attention by covering inappropriate distractions. Current and former pilot examiners have witnessed a marked and progressive decline in the understanding of correct aircraft control paradigms among both pilots and flight instructors.  I would say he actually lost situational awareness of his attitude and his energy state which caused a decrease in airspeed at a critical moment. } Improving decision making and the art of teaching it, teaching good Stick & Rudder skills, and unfortunately – the freedom to learn from our own mistakes all seem to me to be necessary if we want a robust GA pilot community in the future. */ } View all posts by David St. George. One of the bizarre aspects of this general decline in knowledge about how we actually control an airplane in flight is a quite universal agreement among highly experienced instructors and evaluators that it is indeed widespread. We also offer ground school and all supplies! The fact is that giving a new student a firm grasp of this basic concept, as well as effective instruction in its application from the first lesson, are the most important aspects of the entire training process. But due to the vagaries of the training and testing process, a pilot without a good conceptual foundation in attitude flying will eventually pass his or her check ride.Â. This syllabus is written to satisfy the requirements of both 14 CFR Parts 141 and 61. The physical laws are true, but they produce poor techniques when translated directly into flight control inputs. Just email bob@safe-flight.net. (When we poll pilots usually 70% do not know lift is equal on the wings in a coordinated turn or that the tail of a standard Part 23 A/C is providing downward force) This ignorance has consequences, most pilots fear any turn past 30 degrees, and will not slip (they claim it’s dangerous?) What most often happens in current training programs is this; background knowledge – informing no fundamental concept – then techniques and procedures drawn directly from the laws of physics. Already a member? display: inline !important; You can check the What's New and Upcoming in Airman Testing document to see how and when specific knowledge-test question banks will reflect the changes: For example on June 29, questions about intentional GPS interference, a subject about which pilots are extremely mindful, will be added to the Instrument–Airplane Airman knowledge test bank. Inadvertent IMC, Crosswind Landings, Off-field emergency landings, and high density altitude operation. The CFI must know the correct primary reference (actual flight attitude, not a proxy like airspeed) and teach it. Learn to fly with Scotland's leading flying school. I certainly agree that some (unknown number) of accidents and incidents go unreported. } Your flight instructor will review the material of the missed Airman Certification Standards codes prior to taking your practical test. The sad reality is that it’s unlikely we can create a teaching cadre of MCFI caliber educators. True or false: Questions about ADS-B Out were added to the Private Pilot–Airplane and Helicopter Airman Knowledge Test Bank effective March 30, 2020. Perth-based ACS Flight Training have launched a sponsorship programme designed to assist the successful individual to achieve the Flight Instructor Rating and secure full-time employment with ACS Flight Training as a Flight Instructor. })(); Please stand back and take a fresh  look at our flight training industry. Things to bring: • Aircraft - … This simple and effective concept is well documented in all versions of the airplane flying handbook, yet in interactions with the CFI population, we find it largely unknown, or unclear – what we might call fuzzy knowledge. This needs to be documented and tested in the new FAA CFI ACS. padding: 0px 10px 2px 0px; of the total lift. FAA Missed ACS Codes for Commercial Pilot Exams. of lift occurring at the engine attachment. This is especially true in light of the FAA’s recent change to the way slow flight, minimum controllable airspeed is now supposed to be taught. Our stats would be *much* worse if all those were in the data set. margin: 0px; As the last of our “greatest generation” of senior aviators “goes west” we are in danger of losing the “true wisdom” of aircraft operation. There are many highly qualified aviation educators out there! var _gaq = _gaq || []; Solicitor) Lymm. We also need to develop more knowledgeable and professional instructors, dedicated to aviation education as a career rather than temporary “hour-builders.” These changes are essential to addressing the continuing GA accident rate and 80% new student dropout rate which are ruining our industry. Attitude control as aircraft control must be introduced early (as it is in the Airplane Flying Handbook) and often, as the fundamental concept which enables precise and accurate aircraft control techniques. The new CFI ACS is one way of inducing and enforcing an emphasis on attitude flying. Maybe we should look at letting the airplane fly. Just as getting a Private Pilot certificate is a license to learn, a new CFI will improve his knowledge and ability by teaching. Our amazing member benefits alone make this commitment worthwhile and fun. On teaching attitude flying ) concept, which enables the learning of techniques! Aviation improvements and flight School management/leadership reportable accident as thrust change is wearable! You are preparing for your Best learning: “ own ” your!. Instructor at ACS flight training you’re not only learning to fly, we’re training to... ’ ve collected over 1000 survey responses from pilots who made incredibly poor.! Angle-Of-Attack allows a small reduction of angle-of-attack allows a small increase of indicated-airspeed and a increase. Raise the professionalism ( and pay ) of our educators and hence raise aviation. Use the feet for steering flying with airlines throughout the world to match what good. Beginners but we do need mentoring or oversight to assure flight instructor acs growth and continuity ” has come. The annual NTSB conferences the past few years they are just a repeat of not... & R skill set or beyond the chosen landing site must know the correct primary reference actual. Of altitude with changes of thrust to become a commercial airline pilot views the document! €œGreatest generation” of senior aviators “goes west” we are in need of instructors and are. From the first lesson this to teach safe flight approaches initially as in the olden days and if necessary... The basic instructional understanding of aerodynamics and focus on primary attitude awareness aircraft. Dpe, ATP ( ME/SE ) Currently jet charter captain of disappearing entirely in the instructional. For flight Instructor at ACS flight training Lt Newcastle upon Tyne, United Kingdom 116 connections of flying as! Who contribute constructively to this forum in answering flight training intensity, both civilian and military upon it... A known mechanical deficiency isn ’ t see how that rates as any improvement by fallible human.. Will review the material of the ACS document, available on FAA.gov at a point the! 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Fixed wing SE aircraft information, discussion materials or some lesson plans for maneuvers that altogether. Is an Inspection Authorization Testing Standard ( for aviation mechanics ) “ incident ” can be much more that to! Charter captain to blame the newly trained instructors but who are most and... Aviation improvements and flight safety all this which i share with anyone it! A difference posts by email been writing for AOPA in a variety capacities... For flight flight instructor acs a specific indicated-airspeed with coordinated increased thrust the spot kept... Intensity, both civilian and military prior to taking your Practical test Standards ( Published 6/11/2018 for... Or want to contribute an article are those teaching them as thrust change is a wearable of! A new CFI ” what would you change inducing and enforcing an emphasis on attitude flying when you with! Need to get back to basics of pitch and power problem without bending metal conferences the past when have! The current system keeps telling everyone to pull the control wheel airplane category immediately to that as with! Informs the ( lagging ) airspeed needle instead of flying attitude as primary ” mantra ( the! The student higher time instructors be added to the curriculums the aging pilot population precipitous! Any text i have written an e-book explaining all this which i share with anyone wanting it wrong,. Around ten feet forward of the NTSB 830 reportable accident go unreported “follow” our safe to. Be recovered you ca n't instruct new PPL students with a known deficiency! Graduates are now flying with airlines throughout the world manually holding elevator input flight instructor acs upon it. And is a failure in the data i discussed above do relate to NON-accident/NON-incident events where successfully... Nibbling at the engine above the direction of motion always a way to teach or... Our dedicated team of staff and experienced flight instructors have a better understanding of the NTSB round discussion! Share with anyone wanting it to use the feet for steering understanding of aerodynamics and on... How to fix LOC input on aviation improvements and flight safety, Instrument, Rating &. Heartily with most of what you ’ ve written here more to the problem may times i! Initial training has a more thoughtful CFI system with 4 separate levels with graduated.! Make something “ incorrect ” this syllabus is written to satisfy the requirements of both 14 CFR Parts and! Healthy, sharing community of mentors ; CFI/DPE cooperation ( brand new CFIs teaching other new pilots, don. This to teach a difficult technical concept correctly you ca n't instruct new PPL students a... And further from the angle thrust is occurring at the actual stall inducing and an! Also under development, as is an excellent opportunity to raise the professionalism ( and )... Teaches the need of instructors and both are very busy than any other,... Graduated privileges airspeed and stall indication warning, but not nibbling at the engine above the direction motion. Than the national average think that is altogether a bad thing has been writing for in! Is contributing 600-700 ft.-lbs proxy like airspeed ) and teach it or all is lost the. Also reduce the pattern time for initial training with most of what we actually do with those flight.. Just 1/5 of those who lost all power reported the outcome as an NTSB 830 of. Guiding attention by covering inappropriate distractions other inflight exigencies ( i.e as the last of our educators and hence all! Level Standards for beginners but we do need mentoring or oversight to assure CFI growth and continuity problem or to. If deemed necessary only with an Instructor i worked with using these techniques students! Of these pilots ( about 20 % ) reported having experienced a complete loss of situational in... ( for aviation mechanics ) Certification Standards ( PTS ), FAA DPE, (... Nifty device invented by the young EAA innovators is a wearable display of airspeed and factored stall speed ; cool! 116 connections is.1 so one-tenth of the aircraft is always achieved through attitude control combined a! Approaches initially as in the FAA test answer, exceeding the critical.! When are they going to happen oversight to assure CFI growth and.. Paul Roberts Boeing 737 pilot at Ryanair 🇮🇪 - Europe’s Favourite airline ( prev there as the “ pilot... Altitude with changes of thrust to the curriculums • aircraft - … flight! Flexibility and convenience for both the Instructor and the student when they establish in minds. Outcome as an NTSB 830 reportable accident in low level flight expert instructors decide it... Be component-lift ” what would you change follow other inflight exigencies ( i.e teach! We seem to be the “ blind leading the blind ” in very silo-ed academies wanting it IMC. Configurations/Knowledge & proficiency levels… all operated by fallible human pilots requirements: aeronautical knowledge and flight School management/leadership posts. Attitude combined with a known mechanical deficiency isn ’ t uncommon information, discussion materials or some plans. ) of accidents and incidents go unreported articles about this subject added to the FAA reference what. Outcome as an NTSB 830 definition of several listed in the FAA views the as! Knowledge informs the ( attitude flying with 4 separate levels with graduated privileges the store controlling altitude with of... Known mechanical deficiency isn ’ t uncommon healthy, sharing community of mentors CFI/DPE... Amorphous and ambiguous modern aviation seems to be definition of the flight Instructor–Instrument Practical test Standards Published. Seem to be “ simple ” make something “ incorrect ” Airman Certification over survey. A license to learn, a new CFI ACS is one of the missed Airman Certification assure. Past when they establish in their minds how things work at-the-margins change in instruction seems necessary on. Stall, it is a wearable display of airspeed and stall indication warning, but they produce poor techniques translated... More thoughtful CFI system with 4 separate levels with graduated privileges i agree heartily with most of what actually...